To fully reflect the work progress and staff performance of ChangZhou Plastics Factory Co., Ltd, and further strengthen the enterprise's spiritual and cultural development to effectively boost the building of the enterprise's cultural system and create a positive working atmosphere, it is at this moment decided to edit and compile this communication upon review.
[Make safety a habit]
▲ June this year is the 20th National "Safety Production Day" with the theme of "Implementing Safety Responsibility and Promoting Safety Development." To thoroughly implement the national safety production concept and solidly promote the safety production of enterprises, the theme of this newsletter is "Make safety a habit," which focuses on publicizing safety production knowledge and consistently implements the company's concept of "people-oriented, safety first." Remember that paralysis is the most significant hidden danger, safety is the most considerable saving, and accidents are the most critical waste. Care for life and develop safely.
▲ Basic knowledge articles
1. The concept of "three-level" safety education for new employees:
Three-level safety education refers to company-level safety education, department-level safety education, class-level safety education and group-level safety education for new employees.
2. What is safe production, and what is its significance?
Safe production: refers to improving working conditions, overcoming unsafe factors and preventing accidents in the process of labour production so that the output of enterprises can be carried out smoothly on the premise of ensuring the safety and health of workers and the protection of state property and people's lives and property.
Including two aspects of security:
(1) personal safety (including workers themselves and related personnel)
② equipment safety
3. What is security technology?
Safety technology: to prevent or eliminate the root causes of accidents, various technical measures are taken from the aspects of design, technology, production organization and operation, etc., to prevent or eliminate dangerous factors such as burning, explosion, electric shock, twisting and rolling, falling from a high altitude and dust pollution that may be harmful to workers' safety and health or damage to machinery and equipment in the production process.
4. What is the responsibility system for production safety?
Safety production responsibility system: a system that clearly defines what leaders, functional departments, engineers and technicians and post operators at all levels should do and their responsibilities in safety production according to safety production laws and regulations and the actual output of enterprises.
5. The primary responsibilities of employees' safety in production:
(1) comply with the provisions of the relevant equipment maintenance system;
(2) consciously abide by the safety production rules and regulations and labour discipline;
(3) Take care of and use machinery, equipment and tools correctly, and wear protective equipment correctly;
(4) concerned about safety in production, put forward reasonable suggestions to the relevant leaders or departments;
⑤ Report to the organization or relevant departments in time when accidents and unsafe factors are found;
⑥ In case of industrial accidents, rescue the wounded in time, protect the scene, report to the leaders and assist in the investigation;
⑦ study hard and master safety knowledge and skills, and master the operation procedures and safety operation rules of this type of work;
⑧ Actively participate in various safety activities and firmly establish the idea of "safety first" and self-protection awareness;
Pet-name ruby has the right to refuse illegal command and force risky operations and be responsible for personal safety in production.
▲ safety management articles
1. Ten Instructions for Safety Management
① One policy: safety first, prevention first and comprehensive treatment.
② two rules: job responsibilities; Operating procedures.
③ Four does not hurt: Do not hurt yourself; Do not harm others; Don't be hurt by others; Don't let others get hurt.
④ Do not let go: do not let go if the cause of the accident is not found out; Those responsible for the accident and the leadership responsibility have not been investigated; The vast number of employees have not been educated; Preventive measures are not implemented.
⑤ Five notes: Know the critical parts of safety work of the unit; Know the safety responsibility system and management network of the team; Know the safety operation rules and standards of the group; Know the potential accidents and preventive measures of the group; Know and master the accident emergency plan.
⑥ Six unchanged: the idea of "safety first" remains unchanged; The responsibility of the legal representative of the enterprise as the first person responsible for production safety remains unchanged; Effective safety rules and regulations remain unchanged; Strictly strengthen safety productivity; The principle of one-vote veto for safe production remains unchanged; Fully relying on the safety production management measures of employees remains unchanged.
⑦ Seven inspections:
Check and know.
Check the institution.
Check the system.
Check the ledger.
Check the equipment.
Check hidden dangers.
Check the measures.
⑧ Eight combinations: establishing a variety of restraint mechanisms and incentive mechanisms; Give prominence to critical points and give consideration to broad mix; The combination of functional department management and joint management; The variety of preventing micro-duration and highlighting the security system; Carry forward the safety culture and make unremitting efforts; Combination of safety inspection and hidden danger rectification; Implement the responsibility system and improve the accountability system; Strengthen safety management and implement safety production confirmation system.
⑨ Nine in place: leadership responsibilities in the area; Education and training are in place; Safety management personnel are in place; Rules and regulations are in place; Technical skills are in place; Preventive measures are in place; Check the strength in the area; Rectification punishment is in place; All staff are aware of it.
⑩ Ten unsafe psychological factors: luck; Paralysis; Lazy; Bravery; Hasty; Be impatient; Irritability; Anger; Complacency; curious
2. Ten safety production is not allowed
(1) don't wear a safety helmet, are not allowed to enter the construction site;
(2) aerial work without hanging safety net, don't wear a seat belt, no construction;
(3) Wearing high heels, slippers and barefoot is not allowed to work;
(4) no drinking during working hours, no homework after drinking;
⑤ Materials used in aerial work are not allowed to be left behind casually;
⑥ The power switch is not allowed to use one brake for multiple purposes;
All landowners mechanical equipment are not allowed to run despite illness;
⑧ The safety protection devices of mechanical equipment are not perfect and are not allowed to be used;
Pet-name ruby crane unmanned command, can't see the landing point are not allowed to hoisting;
Attending no smoking in the fire prevention restricted area; Wear personal protective equipment correctly.
3. "Three treasures" of safe production
Safety helmet, safety belt and safety net
4. Four doesn't hurt
That is, you don't hurt yourself, you don't hurt others, you don't get hurt by others, and you protect others from being damaged.
5. Three violations
The illegal operation, illegal command and violation of labour discipline.
6. Three noes
There are no personal violations, no hidden dangers in posts and no accidents in teams and groups.
7. "Eight Preventions" in the rainy season
Prevent heatstroke, lightning stroke, electric shock, object attack, drowning, car accident, flood, collapse and poisoning.
8. "Six defences" in winter
Anti-freezing, anti-skid, anti-fire, anti-explosion, anti-poisoning, anti-mechanical injury.
9. Six major disciplines of production safety
(1) to enter the scene, you must wear a good helmet, buckle the hat, and use labour protection articles correctly;
(2) more than two meters of aerial work, no safety facilities must wear a seat belt, buckle safety hook;
(3) high homework, are not allowed to throw materials and tools and other objects below;
(4) all kinds of electric machinery and equipment, must have reliable safety grounding and lightning protection device, can start using;
⑤ Those who don't understand electrical appliances and machinery are strictly forbidden to use and play with mechanical and electrical equipment;
⑥ Non-operators in hoisting areas are forbidden to enter, and no one is allowed to stand below the pole.
10. safety colours
Safety colour is the colour used to express the meaning of safety information such as prohibition, warning, instruction and prompt. Its function is to enable people to quickly find and distinguish safety signs, remind people to pay attention to safety and prevent accidents. China's safety colour standards stipulate that red, yellow, blue and green are safety colours. At the same time, it is specified that the safety colour must be kept within a specific colour range. It must not fade, change colour or be polluted to avoid confusion with other colours and misunderstanding.
Definition of safety colour:
Red: It means danger, prohibition and stops. Used for prohibition sign. Emergency stop handles or buttons on machinery and equipment and parts that are forbidden to touch are usually red, sometimes indicating fire prevention;
Blue: it is the colour with instruction marks, that is, it must be observed;
Yellow: warning and caution. Such as dangerous machines and warning lines in the factory, median lines of driving lanes, helmets, etc.;
Green: prompt for safety information, meaning quick, indicating safety status or passability. Safety passages, pedestrian and vehicle traffic signs, fire fighting equipment and other safety protection equipment in the workshop are all shown in green.
11. safety signs
Safety signs are composed of safety colours, geometric figures and graphic symbols. It is divided into four categories: prohibition sign, warning sign, instruction sign and prompt sign.
12. the correct use of fire fighting facilities
(1) Fixed fire extinguishing system: water fire extinguishing system, gas fire extinguishing system, pre-action fire extinguishing system, etc.
⑵ Mobile fire fighting equipment: fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, buckets, shovels, etc.
Correct use of indoor fire hydrant
▲ safety protection articles
1. The main countermeasures for safe electricity utilization
① the electrician it is forbidden to move electricity;
②all kinds of electrical appliances before use should check whether leakage, grounding are in good condition;
③all electrical appliances must pass through the leakage protector, and the leakage protector must be sensitive and reliable;
④ should use high-quality cable; the gum line is strictly prohibited;
⑤ It is forbidden to bind cables and wires with conductive materials such as bonding wires;
⑥ All power switches shall be marked with purpose and responsible person;
⑦ Learn the knowledge of electric shock first aid.
2. Main countermeasures for vehicle injury
① abide by the traffic rules, vehicle safety facilities in good condition, complete lighting;
②when many people walk, they should be in a column instead of in a row;
③ Commuter vehicles shall not be mixed with people and goods, overstaffed or speeding.
3. Main countermeasures against objects
① it is strictly prohibited to work up and down at the same time unless there are reliable protective measures;
② into the working face must wear a safety helmet and fasten the hat belt;
③The sundries on the scaffold should be cleared in time. All instruments must be lifted in bags. It is forbidden to throw them away unless there are reliable safety protection measures.
4. Safety measures for falling when working at heights
①First of all, safety protection facilities should be done well, such as setting up safety fences, spreading springboard and hanging safety nets;
② in the case of the above facilities are not perfect, you should wear your seat belt, and the correct method of wearing your seat belt should be high and low;
③ The body should meet the requirements, and it is forbidden to work overhead for those who suffer from high blood pressure, hypoglycemia and epilepsy.
5. Take the elevator safety protection measures
① Pay attention to safety signs. To take an elevator, first, check whether there is a safety inspection mark issued by the quality and technical supervision department in the elevator. Only when there is a safety mark can the elevator ensure safety.
② Overloading the elevator is very dangerous. The elevator can't be overloaded. When you call the police, wait for the next one!
③ Don't stand against the elevator door. When the elevator door is closing, don't rush into the elevator forcibly, prevent the elevator from closing, and avoid staying with one foot inside and one foot outside, which may cause injury.
④ Don't press the emergency button casually. The emergency button is set to cope with accidents. Please do not press it when the elevator is running normally; otherwise, it will bring unnecessary trouble to you.
⑤ It's dangerous to drive when the elevator opens. When taking the elevator, if the elevator door is not closed, the elevator is faulty, so passengers should not take it and report it to the maintenance personnel.
⑥ don't take the elevator under maintenance. Before coming to the elevator, passengers first check whether there is a sign of "Stop the Elevator for Maintenance." If the elevator is under maintenance, this sign should be hung, and passengers should not take it.
⑦ Never use the elevator to escape in case of fire.
⑧ Don't panic in case of an accident, and timely notify maintenance personnel for rescue.
Pet-name ruby in and out of the elevator must be observed. After the elevator stops, passengers should watch whether the floor and floor of the elevator car are levels when entering and leaving the elevator.
6. How to do an excellent job in safety protection
①according to the provisions, wear protective equipment. Such as wearing soft-soled shoes, wearing safety helmets and wearing safety belts; Seat belts should be hung high and used low, and leather shoes or plastic shoes should not be worn for operation;
②when climbing, it is forbidden to use ladders without skid prevention or ladder defect. The top of the ladder should be placed firmly, or there should be a particular escalator;
③when climbing with scaffolding to conform to the rules. Before use, check whether there are fracture scars, put aside and balance the quality firmly, and fasten the two ladders with ropes;
④pay attention to whether the scaffold is robust, strong and balanced. Floor fences should be placed on each floor, and good handrails should be provided on the upper and lower legs to ensure safety;
⑤a safety net must be set below the high-altitude operation. For construction without external frame protection, a layer of fixed safety net must be set at 4-6 meters, and an improved safety net should be placed every 12 meters (four floors), and a safety net should be set up at the same time.
⑥ Before operating or walking on the ceiling and light roof, a springboard must be set up above or a safety net must be set up below;
⑦ When working at heights in cold areas in winter, it is necessary to prevent slipping on ice and not to pour water on walkways and scaffolding;
⑧ In case of a lightning strike or heavy thunderstorm when working in high places, the operators on frame must leave immediately.
▲ Emergency rescue articles
1. First aid method for accidental injury
①meet accidental injury, don't panic, to keep calm, and maintain the order of the scene;
② Under the condition that the surrounding environment is not life-threatening, generally do not move the wounded quickly;
③ Don't drink any drinks or eat for the sick and wounded;
④to shout for help, ask for help or try to contact the relevant departments, don't leave the ill and wounded unattended;
⑤ Immediately report the scene of the accident, the number of wounded and ill people, the situation of injuries and the treatment of injuries, etc. to the relevant departments;
⑥ According to the injury, the patients should be rescued according to the classification, first heavy and then light, first urgent and then slow, first near and then far;
⑦ Quickly carry out an artificial rescue for the sick and wounded with suffocation and dyspnea;
⑧ On-site recovery must be unified and obey the leadership, and must not go its own way.
2. First aid method for electric shock
The most important thing for first aid is to move quickly and save properly. Speedily and correctly disconnect the electric shock victim from the power supply and give first aid quickly and accurately. To fight for time is to fight for life.
Electric shock first aid method
3. First aid methods for heatstroke
Heatstroke is an acute disease caused by high temperature and sun exposure. After heatstroke, there will be dizziness, headache, general weakness, thirst, palpitation, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms, and suddenly faint in severe cases. Heatstroke can be divided into threatened heatstroke, mild heatstroke and severe heatstroke. The first aid method for heatstroke is to let the heatstroke patients leave the high-temperature environment immediately. Transfer to a calm and ventilated place to rest, undress, and take a supine position. Meanwhile, let patients drink more salty drinks. Patients with severe heatstroke should be sent to the hospital for emergency treatment immediately.
4. First aid method for crushing
①immediately dig out the wounded, be careful not to get hurt again, and move lightly, accurately and quickly, and don't pull by force. If all of them are buried, the injured person's head should be exposed first as soon as possible, clean up the dirt, sand and blood clots in the nose and mouth, and loosen the clothes belt to facilitate breathing;
②make the wounded lie flat, head to one side, prevent vomit blocking breathing;
③ When the wound is bleeding, use a cloth to stop bleeding and clean water to wash the damage, and wrap it with a clean towel to prevent infection;
④fracture should be fixed with splint or substitute;
⑤ mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration for patients with respiratory arrest;
⑥ If the heartbeat stops, chest compressions should be performed;
⑦ Handling the wounded should be smooth, avoiding bumps and distortions;
⑧ Blood transfusion and infusion as early as possible when conditions permit.
5. First aid method for falling from high altitude
① remove the appliances and complex objects in the pockets of the wounded;
②in the process of handling and transfer, the neck and trunk should not bend forward or twist but straighten the spine. It is absolutely forbidden to lift one shoulder and one leg to avoid or aggravate paraplegia;
③The wounded in the maxillofacial region should first keep the respiratory tract unblocked and loosen the buttons of the neck and chest of the injured;
④The compound injury requires lying flat, keeping the respiratory tract unblocked and unbuttoning the collar button;
⑤ Send to hospital for treatment quickly and smoothly.
6. Fire escape method
①new to a place should be familiar with the environment, know the safe passage and fire control facilities;
② don't panic after the fire, alarm and fire fighting and self-help should be carried out at the same time;
③ Do not rush to open the door, let alone jump off the building. In case of emergency, you can tear sheets and clothes into strips and slip down from the window or wet the walls and doors with water to prevent the fire from spreading. The bathroom is the best place to survive;
④ Do not delay time due to cleaning up luggage and valuables;
⑤ Can't walk upright when the smoke is filled;
⑥ If your body is on fire, don't run, take off your clothes quickly, or roll on the ground to extinguish the flames.
7. Emergency method of elevator failure
① the elevator speed is not average, should be slightly bent legs, upper body tilted forward;
②When trapped in a car, keep calm, don't panic, and immediately use the elevator alarm, walkie-talkie or telephone to contact relevant personnel and wait for external rescue. If the notice is invalid, you can call loudly or pat the elevator door intermittently;
③ When the elevator suddenly stops, don't climb out quickly to prevent the elevator from suddenly starting;
④ when the running elevator enters the water, the elevator should be opened to the top floor, and the maintenance personnel should be informed;